Networking - Topology - Star

Star topology is a network topology where all devices are connected to a central device, such as a switch or a hub. 


Star topology is widely used in modern network infrastructures, ranging from small office networks to large-scale enterprise networks. It is the most common type of topology found in Ethernet networks.

Key Features:

  • Central Device: In a star topology, all devices connect to a central device, which acts as a central point of control and communication. This central device is typically a switch or a hub.
  • Point-to-Point Connections: Each device has a dedicated point-to-point connection to the central device. Data from one device is transmitted directly to the central device and then forwarded to the intended recipient.


  • Easy Troubleshooting and Fault Isolation: Star topology allows for easy troubleshooting and fault isolation. If a device or connection fails, only that specific device is affected, and the rest of the network remains operational.
  • Scalability and Ease of Expansion: Adding new devices to a star topology is straightforward. New devices can be easily connected to the central device, without disrupting the existing network or affecting other devices.
  • High Performance: Each device has its own dedicated connection to the central device, resulting in faster data transfer rates and reduced network congestion. This makes star topology well-suited for networks with high traffic or bandwidth-intensive applications.
  • Better Security and Privacy: The point-to-point connections in star topology enhance network security. Data transmitted by a device is only received by the intended recipient, improving privacy and reducing the risk of unauthorized access.


  • Dependency on Central Device: The central device in a star topology plays a critical role. If the central device fails, the entire network may become non-functional. Redundancy measures, such as backup switches, can be implemented to mitigate this risk.
  • Cost and Complexity: Implementing a star topology can be more expensive compared to other topologies. It requires additional cabling and the use of a central device, which adds to the overall cost. Additionally, the central device needs to have sufficient ports to accommodate all connected devices.
  • Limited Cable Length: The length of the cables used in star topology is a limitation. The distance between a device and the central device is constrained by the maximum cable length supported by the network infrastructure.